10 months ago    By Antters

What are the Basic Parts Of A Car And Their Functions?


So are you a good driver? Do people near you trust your driving skills? Even if you can drive a car at a really fast speed, the most important thing is to know all the basic parts of a car and you must have some knowledge about them.


The engine is the heart of your car. It is a complex machine built to convert heat from burning gas into the force that turns the road wheels. A car engine is an internal combustion engine. There are different kinds of internal combustion engines. Specifically, an internal-combustion engine is a heat engine in that it converts energy from the heat of burning gasoline into mechanical work. “People use both interchangeably, but the difference is that motors run on electricity and engines run on combustion. Car engines are built around a set of "cooking pots" called cylinders (usually anything from two to twelve of them, but typically four, six, or eight) inside which the fuel burns.


An automotive battery or car battery is a rechargeable battery that is used to start a motor vehicle.Voltage refers to the amount of electrical potential your battery holds. The standard automotive battery in today's vehicles is a 12-volt battery.Well, your battery prevents sudden spikes in power from damaging your car's internal computer and ignition system from damage.For a hybrid or fully electric car, batteries are extensively used to store and provide the required energy. A car mechanic replaces a battery during maintenance.


Do you know how the battery of a car gets recharged through the Alternator, the alternator is a generator whose purpose is to distribute electricity to the car and recharge the battery. The alternator works by turning mechanical energy into electrical energy. The alternator turns mechanical energy into electrical energy which gets directed to the battery and goes on to power all your car's electrical systems. Hence the alternator is one of the most important parts of your car. The alternator also keeps your car's lights on and prevents its battery from going flat.  

Commonly experienced symptoms of a failed alternator:

  • Car Won’t Start
  • Engine Stalling
  • Electrical Issues
  • Unusual Sounds


There is a lot of heat generated by your car and thus it needs to be cooled down and this work is done by the radiator. Hence it is obvious that radiators are important in automobile engines. Radiators are heat exchangers used for cooling internal combustion engines. A radiator helps to eliminate excess heat from the engine. It is part of the engine's cooling system. 

The internal combustion engine is cooled as a result of circulating coolant via the engine block where it is heated and then via the radiator, where it loses heat to the atmosphere and comes back to the engine. The coolant is basically water based, sometimes it can be an oil as well.

Ignition system

The ignition system is a system used to generate a very high voltage from the car battery and to send it to each spark plug in turn thereby igniting the fuel-air mixture in the combustion chamber of the engine.An automotive ignition system is what fires up the fuel (and air) to kickstart your car's engine. An automotive ignition system is divided into two electrical circuits, the primary and secondary circuits. Hence the main job of an Ignition system  is to ignite the air-fuel mixture in a gasoline engine. 


Suspension is the system of tires, tire air, springs, shock absorbers and linkages that connects a vehicle to its wheels and allows relative motion. The job of a car suspension is to maximize the friction between the tires and the road surface, hence your suspension system provides driving comfort by smoothing out bumps in the road and traction by keeping the wheels on the ground. The most important need of Suspension is for absorbing shocks and vibration caused due to road irregularities.


A car transmission is the gearbox of a vehicle. It's roughly analogous to the gear shifter and chain system that bicycles use. These components are always mounted directly on the engine to allow the attached belt and gear system to effectively convert the combustion power generated by the engine into physical momentum.


Chassis is the vehicle's main support structure, also known as the 'Frame.'Tubular chassis were mainly used in race cars due to the unrivaled safety they provide.  A chassis is the primary load-bearing framework of any automobile. It also serves as the mounting point for various components of the vehicle.


A muffler or silencer (British English) is a device for reducing the noise emitted by the exhaust of an internal combustion engine. Located under the rear of the car, it is essentially the exhaust system of your vehicle's engine.To regulate engine noise and work their silencing magic, mufflers are installed in line with a vehicle's exhaust pipe. The muffler contains tubes, channels, and holes which direct gasses and reduce exhaust pressure. 


Modern cars have brakes on all four wheels, operated by a hydraulic system. The brakes may be disc type or drum type. Brakes are your vehicle's most important safety system. A brake is a mechanical device that inhibits motion by absorbing energy from a moving system.The majority of modern day vehicles have brakes on each of the four wheels. These wheels function with a hydraulic system. 

Fuel tank

A fuel tank is a safe container for petrol or diesel fluids storage. There are one or some fuel tanks on the car.A single cylinder or a cluster of cylinders can be used on a vehicle to store CNG. Usually, if your vehicle's fuel tank has water, the car or bike might face problems related to ignition, acceleration, and sudden stoppage.

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